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International Journal Publications (Peer reviewed, ISI)

  1. J. Yu, A. M. Cruz, and A. Hokugo (2016). “Households’ Risk Perception and Behavioral Responses to Natech accidents following the Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami.” Risk Analysis (Submitted).
  2. Kajitani, Y, A. M. Cruz, H. Tatano, K. Nakano, J. Choi, and N. Yasuda (2013) Economic Impacts Caused by the Failure of Maritime Global Critical Infrastructure – A Case Study of Chemical Facility Explosions in the Straits of Malacca and Singapore. Journal of Transportation Security, 6 (4): 289-313. DOI 10.1007/s12198-013-0117-z.
  3. Krausmann, E. and A. M. Cruz (2013). Impact of the 11 March, 2011, Great East Japan earthquake and tsunami on the chemical industry. Natural Hazards, 67 (2): 811-828.
  4. Cruz, A. M. (2012) Challenges in Natech Risk Reduction - Desafíos en la reducción de riesgos Natech. Revista de Ingenieria, 37, Jul-Dec.
  5. Sengul, H.; N. Santella; L. J. Steinberg; A. M. Cruz (2012). Analysis of hazardous material releases due to natural hazards in the United States. Disasters. 36 (4): 723-743.
  6. Cruz, A. M., E. Krausmann, G. Franchello (2011). Analysis of Tsunami Impact Scenarios to an Oil Refinery. Natural Hazards, 58 (1): 141-162.
  7. Krausmann, E., A. M. Cruz, and B. Affeltranger (2010). The impact of the 12 May 2008 Wenchuan earthquake on industrial facilities. Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries, 23 (2). 242-248.
  8. Cruz, A. M., and E. Krausmann (2009). Hazardous Materials Releases from the Offshore Oil and Natural Gas Facilities Following Hurricanes Katrina and Rita. Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries, 22 (1), 59-65.
  9. Cruz, A. M. and E. Krausmann (2008). Damage to offshore oil and gas facilities following Hurricanes Katrina and Rita: An overview. Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries, 21 (6), 620-626.
  10. Cruz, A. M. and N. Okada (2008). Methodology for Preliminary Assessment of Natech Risk in Urban Areas. Natural Hazards, 46 (2), 199-220.
  11. Cruz, A. M. and N. Okada (2008). Consideration of Natural Hazards in the Design and Risk Management of Chemical Industrial Facilities. Natural Hazards, 44 (2), 213-227.
  12. Basolo, V., L. J. Steinberg, R. Burby, J. Levine, A. M. Cruz, and C. Huang (2008). The Effects of Confidence in Government and Information on Perceived and Actual Preparedness for Disasters. Environment and Behavior, 41 (3), 338-364.
  13. Krausmann, E. and A. M. Cruz, Eds. (2008). Special Issue on Natech Disaster Management. Editorial (Based on paper submissions to a Natech session at the European Geosciences Union General Assembly Conference, Vienna, Austria, 3-7 April 2006. Natural Hazards, 46 (2), pp 139-264.
  14. Steinberg, L. J., H. Sengul, and A. M. Cruz (2008). Natech Risk and Management: An Assessment of the State of the Art. Natural Hazards, 46 (2), 143-152.
  15. Cruz, A. M., L. J. Steinberg, and A. L. Vetere-Arellano (2006). Emerging Issues for Natech Disaster Risk Management in Europe. Journal of Risk Research, 9 (5), 1-19.
  16. Cruz, A. M. and L. J. Steinberg (2005). Industry Preparedness for Earthquakes and Earthquake-Triggered Hazmat Accidents during the Kocaeli Earthquake in 1999: A Survey. Earthquake Spectra, 21 (2), 285-303.
  17. Steinberg, L. J., and A. M. Cruz (2004). When natural and technological disasters collide: lessons from the Turkey earthquake of August 17, 1999. Natural Hazards Review, 5 (3): 121-130.
  18. Steinberg, L. J.; V. Basolo, R. Burby, J. N. Levine, and A. M. Cruz (2004). Joint Seismic and Technological Disasters: Possible Impacts and Community Preparedness in an Urban Setting. Natural Hazards Review, 5 (4): 159-169.
  19. Cruz, A. M., L. J. Steinberg, and R. Luna (2001). Identifying Hurricane-Induced Hazardous Materials Release Scenarios in a Petroleum Refinery. Natural Hazards Review, 2 (4): 203-210.

Peer Reviewed Book Chapters and Peer-Reviewed Papers in Conference Proceedings

  1. Krausmann, E; Cruz, A. M. and E. Salzano (Eds.) (2016) Natech Risk Assessment and Management: Reducing the Risk of Natural-Hazard Impact on Hazardous Installations. ElSevier (In Press).
  2. Cruz, A.M., Krausmann, E. and Selvaduray, G. (2016) Hazardous materials: Earthquake-triggered incidents and risk reduction approaches, In: Scawthorn, C., Chen W.-F, (eds.) Earthquake Engineering Handbook, 2nd Ed., CRC Press LLC (In Press).
  3. Cruz, A. M.; Piatyszek, E.; Yu, J.; Hokugo, A.; C. El Hajj; Lesbats, M.; and Tardy, A. (2015). Contribution to the Systemic Modeling of Technical and Organizational Issues of a Territory Exposed to Natech Risk. Paper in Proceedings of the 25th Ocean Engineering Symposium, Japan Society of Naval Architects and Ocean Engineers (JASNAOE), Nippon University, Tokyo, 6-7 August.
  4. Cruz, A. M. and H. Suda (2015). Assessment of Natech Risk for Evacuation Planning in Areas Subject to Natural Hazards. Paper in Proceedings of the 7th European Meeting on Chemical Industry and Environment, Tarragona, Spain, 10-12 June.
  5. Cruz, A. M., Y. Kajitani, and H. Tatano (2014) Natech disaster risk reduction: Can integrated risk governance help? Invited book chapter in: Risk governance. The articulation of hazard, politics and ecology. U. Fra. Paleo (Ed.), Springer.
  6. Cruz, A. M. (2014) Joint Natural and Technological Disasters: An Emerging Risk Issue. Paper in Proceedings of the 8th Joint International Symposium on Disaster Risk Management --Education for Disaster Prevention, Reconstruction from Kobe Earthquake Disaster, and Adaptation plan under Climate Change. Kobe University, Kobe, 13 September.
  7. Cruz, A. M. (2014). Managing infrastructure, environment and disaster risk. Invited book chapter in: Disaster Management: International lessons in risk reduction, response and recovery. Alejandro López-Carresi, Maureen Fordham, Ben Wisner, Ilan Kelman and JC Gaillard (Eds.), Earthscan, Routledge, 352 p.
  8. Cruz, A. M. (2012). Protecting Infrastructure. Invited book chapter in: Routledge Handbook of Hazards and Disaster Risk Reduction. I. Kelman, B. Wisner and J. C. Gaillard (Eds.), Routledge Publisher, London: 875 p.
  9. Renni, E., Cozzani, V., Antonioni, G., Krausmann, E., Cruz A.M. (2010). Assessment of major accidents triggered by lightning. In Reliability, Risk and Safety: Theory and Applications, Proc. Eur. Safety and Reliability Conf., Guedes Soares & Martorell (eds), Taylor & Francis: London; pp. 959-965.
  10. Cruz, A. M. and E. Krausmann (2009). Potential impact of tsunamis on an oil refinery in Southern Italy. Conference paper. Proc. 2nd International Conference on Risk Analysis and Crisis Response (RACR) 2009. Beijing, China, 19-21 October. <>
  11. Krausmann, E. and A. M. Cruz (2009). Natech accidents at industrial facilities – The case of the Wenchuan earthquake. Conference paper. Proc. 2nd International Conference on Risk Analysis and Crisis Response (RACR) 2009. Beijing, China, 19-21 October. <>
  12. Campedel M, Cozzani V, Krausmann E, Cruz A.M. (2008). Analysis of Natech accidents recorded in major accident databases, Conference Paper, Proceedings of the International Probabilistic Safety Assessment and Management Conference (PSAM 9), Hong Kong (China), 2008. < >
  13. Cruz, A. M. (2007). Engineering Contribution to the Field of Emergency Management. Invited Book chapter in: Disciplines, Disasters and Emergency Management: The Convergence and Divergence of Concepts, Issue and Trends from the Research Literature. D. A. McEntire (Ed.), Charles C. Thomas Publisher, Ltd., Springfield, Illinois: 344 p.
  14. Steinberg, L. J., V. Basolo, R. Burby, J. Levine, and A. M. Cruz (2002). Earthquake-Induced Technological Disasters: A Case Study of Possible Effects and Emergency Response in the Urban Environment. Conference paper. Proc. of the Seventh U.S. National Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Earthquake Engineering Research Institute, Boston, 21-25 July.

Special Reports (EC, UNEP, IAEA, FEMA, Peer Reviewed)

  1. Cruz, A. M. (2014). Reporte de Recomendaciones: Semana de intercambio de experiencias internacionales en análisis de riesgo accidental y vulnerabilidad asociada al transporte de hidrocarburos. Report prepared for PNUD (United Nations Development Program office in Colombia) and ECOPETROL (the Colombian Petrolum Company), 7 February: 17 p.
  2. Cruz, A. M. (2012). Integration of Environmental Emergencies in Preparedness and Contingency Planning. Study report commissioned by the Joint UNEP/OCHA Environment Unit, Emergency Services Branch, Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, Geneva, Switzerland. <>
  3. Okada, N., W. Kroger, Y. Kajitani, M. Bristow and A. M. Cruz (2011). Risk Governance of Maritime Global Critical Infrastructure: The example of the Straits of Malacca and Singapore. Policy Brief Report. International Risk Governance Council (IRGC), Geneva: pp. 51.
  4. Cruz, A. M. and E. Krausmann (2009). Assessment of Tsunami Risk to Industry in Southern Italy. EUR Report 23801. Joint Research Centre, European Commission, Italy.
  5. Cruz, A. M.; E. Krausmann (2007). Results of the Workshop: Assessing and Managing Natechs (Natural hazard triggered technological accidents). EUR Report 23288. Joint Research Centre, European Commission, Italy.
  6. Cruz, A. M. (2005). Engineering Contribution to the Field of Emergency Management. Invited Book chapter in: Disciplines and Emergency Management Textbook, FEMA Higher Education Project, Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security (DHS), Washington, D.C. < >
  7. Cruz, A. M., L. J. Steinberg, A. L. Vetere-Arellano, J. P. Nordvik, and F. Pisano (2004). State of the Art in Natech (Natural Hazard Triggering Technological Disasters) Risk Assessment in Europe. EUR Report 21292 EN, DG Joint Research Centre, EC and UN/ISDR, Ispra, Italy.
  8. Vetere-Arellano A. L., A. M. Cruz, J. P. Nordvik, and F. Pisano, Editors (2004). Proceedings: NEDIES Workshop Analysis of Natech (Natural Hazard Triggering Technological Disaster) Disaster Management. EUR Report 21054 EN, DG Joint Research Centre, European Commission, Ispra, Italy.

Invited communications for broad readership (Not peer reviewed)

  1. Cruz, A. M. and E. Krausmann (2009). Secondary Hazards following Natural Disasters: The Case of Natech Hazards. Emergency Management China, Beijing, China (Translated and published in Chinese).
  2. Cruz, A. M. (2006) Hazardous Materials Releases and Natural Disasters: Are Natech Disasters Being Considered? Emergency Management Canada, Fall: 28-31.

Other Paper and Reports (Not Reviewed)

  1. Cruz, A. M. (2012). Bringing Together Diverse Stakeholders to Address Natech Risks. Invited Book chapter in: Disaster Risk Management: Conflict and Cooperation. A. Sarkar and S. R. Sensarma (Eds.). Concept Publishing Company Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi: 365 p.
  2. Amendola, A., and Cruz, A. M. (2005) Industrial Areas, Disaster Hazards and Urban Planning. Conference Paper. Proceedings of the Earthquake Engineering in the 21st Century Conference, IZIIS, Skopije and Ohrid, Macedonia, August 27- September 1, 2005.
  3. Cruz, A. M. (2005) Natech Disasters: A Review of Practices, Lessons Learned and Future Research Needs. Conference Paper. Fifth Annual IIASA-DPRI Meeting: Integrated Disaster Risk Management: Innovations in Science and Policy, IAEC, Beijing Normal University, 14-18 September 2005. < >
  4. Cruz, A. M., N. Okada and S. Tanaka (2005). Analysis of Spatial Distribution of Soil Contamination and Potential Linkages to Multiple Disasters: A Case Study in Nagoya, Japan. Proceedings of Infrastructural Planning and Management, Vol. 32 (CD-ROM, 101), JSPS.
  5. Steinberg, L. J., A. M. Cruz, F. Vardar-Sukan, and Y. Ersoz (2001) Risk Management Practices at Industrial Facilities during the Turkey Earthquake of August 17, 1999: Case Study Report. Conference Paper. 1st IIASA-DPRI Conference on Integrated Disaster Risk Management: “Reducing Socio-Economic Vulnerability.” Laxemburg, Austria, 1-4 August 2001. <>